tv BBC World News America PBS June 19, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT
>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, shell, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
>> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> and now bbc world news. >> this is bbc world news america reporting from washington. i'm jeanne o'brien. thousands of egyptians swear again to protest a sweeping new powers by the military council. the g-20 meeting is dominated by greece as world leaders put on the pressure for the eurozone to
fix its financial mess. and to digging deep for oil as world leaders try to balance the industry and environment. we travel to the amazon rain forest to see the impact. >> this could make a couple of hundred cars. demand is skyrocketing, especially in china. the bigger this mine gets, the greater the impact on the natural world. >> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. in tokyo square tonight, -- in tahrir square tonight, tens of thousands of egyptians are protesting against the sweeping new powers the military council has given itself, and its order to dissolve parliament. the continued unrest comes as the country awaits the obama
results of the presidential -- awaits the results of the presidential poll with both candidates claiming to have one. i spoke to the bbc correspondent in tahrir square. when i spoke to you last, you could count them by the hundreds. now there are many, many more. what changed? >> it is about politics. this is a celebration by the moslem brotherhood, was say their candidate has won. even though is an extremely close race and his main rival, his supporters are saying that they won.
it has also not just been a party for the past two hours, but a protest. other groups came to the square to join the moslem brotherhood in condemning the army group in taking a sweeping new powers, which makes powers to the new president pale in comparison. >> id is -- we're getting reports that the health of the former president, hosni mubarak, is failing. what affect, if any, would this have on the country? >> he has now been moved from the military prison where he is serving a life sentence for failing to protect protesters during demonstrations.
he is said to have suffered a sproat -- a stroke. he is stopped breathing and they had to use a bitter later. he has been moved to a hospital where he will get -- a different girl later. he has been moved to a hospital where his family and lawyers say he will get better treatment. his critics, of which there are many, will find this suspicious that he is being moved to days before egypt is about to hear the announcement of the new president. >> thank you for joining us. and we do have some breaking news according to the egyptian state run news agency. a former president hosni mubarak was clinically dead upon arrival at the military hospital
where he was moved from his prison hospital. for more on the latest developments in egypt, joined by a middle east expert who formerly served as an adviser in the u.s. state department. thank you for joining us. can i get your immediate reaction? >> it is going to be important news. the large a because just two days before egypt will announce his successor, and there is suspicion about the military greater powers, we have the death of hosni mubarak. this will add to the tension in egypt and will also divert some of the attention from the election. >> we have not confirm these reports as yet, but economists, as you say, at an unstable time for egypt. -- but it comes, as you say, at an unstable time for egypt. how do you think the people on tahrir square will react?
>> it will take the issue of his trial and sentencing of the table. down the road, there will be one contentious issue off the table. it will also focus the attention of the protesters on to the military as to what is coming next rather than trying the old regime. the symbol of the old regime is dead. in some ways, this is a victory for the protesters because they did make sure that he did not return to some kind of power, nor did he die with honor. now they can focus on what happens to the democratic movement and the future of egypt. >> nevertheless, he did have some support still in the country. >> going forward, many more
egyptians will begin to look at his reign witness out juppe. -- with just out job. a -- nostalgia. with the unpopularity of the dictatorship, now they are saying -- they will see stability that the dictators abroad. he is not as a board as he was a a year ago. >> he was treated as a friend by the u.s.. pryke he was not treated by a friend -- as a friend -- >> and he was not treated as a friend by the u.s. when he left. this will play a very important psychological game in the
mindset of the rulers in the region. >> thank you. more news from the region, a ship allegedly carrying weapons to syria has turned back toward russia. a london-based insurance company withdrew cover off the coast of scotland. they were told they might have been carrying russian-made attack helicopters and missiles to the syrian government. if beautiful venues helped fix the world's economic woes, the g-20 gathering in mexico would have solved the eurozone crisis by now. but sadly, it is not that simple. instead, it was the second day of hashing out how to deal with the financial woes that rippled throughout the global market. >> we might be in mexico, and it might be nearly three years since the eurozone crisis first
started, but the "g" in g-20 this week still seems to stand for greece. >> it adds to the pressure that is already there. and it can take measures to prevent those problems from spilling over more than they already are. >> in athens, the future of the government is still the order of the day. but the country's -- the country really under pressure now spain. it had to pay very high interest rates to borrow from investors for just one year. there is a strong hint that europe will act to ease pressure on countries like spain, but the details are still to come. >> i have no doubt they will take measures to bring those bond yield spreads down. it is ultimately not sustainable for countries like spain to keep paying high interest rates. >> it is not just the future of
europe that worries the leaders here, but what the eurozone crisis could mean for global growth. >> the world is concerned about the slowing of growth that has taken place. a lot of contention has been centered on europe. now is the time, as we have discussed, to make sure that all of us joined to do what is necessary to stabilize the world financial system. >> everyone has had bad economic news recently, including countries like china that have been doing so well. but britain is one of two g-20 countries already suffering a double-dip recession. >> the economic situation we are all talking about here in mexico is as difficult as any the world has faced since the end of the second world war.
but i would answer that the -- but i would argue that the answer to these problems, despite the fact that we were one of the biggest contributors to the problems, britain's answer is seen as a textbook. >> but you have delivered a flat economy. it shouldn't you be thinking back about the kind of textbook? >> britain faces many problems and i would not minimize those problems. some of them are homegrown over the last decade when we borrowed. but we are taking the steps necessary to protect britain in the storm and lay the foundations of strong growth in the future. >> after mexico kamal eyes will turn to what that -- after mexico, all eyes will turn to white each country will have to do to spur growth in their own countries. >> we return to our top story, the reports from the egyptian at state-run media that the former
president hosni mubarak has been pronounced dead on arrival at the military hospital. we have reports that he has been declared clinically dead. but what are you hearing on the ground? >> we know from the state news agency and from state television, they are now saying hawes lavar, who had been the president of egypt -- hosni mubarak, and who had been the president of egypt for 30 years is now clinically dead. we are hearing reports that he suffered a stroke action at breathing difficulty. they had to use a different relator differentdefibrilator. they had to move him -- a
defibrilator. they had to move into a military hospital. we are and are hearing reports that he is clinically dead. this is all we know so far. you can hear behind me protestors are still continuing protests and celebrations in tahrir square. there was a moment that the square went quiet. we are waiting for further information. >> and of course, this is coming at a crucial moment in the egyptian political life. what is the reaction to these reports? what is the affect on the crowds gathering behind you and elsewhere? can you actually hear me? i know is very noisy there. i think we have actually lost her.
we will try to return to her as we get more news. if the action at the g-20 were not enough this week, another key summit is taking place in rio de janeiro. more than 100 world leaders will gather for what is being billed as the largest meeting of sustained -- on a sustainable energy. many companies have claimed they are going green. one of them owned the largest iron ore mine in the rain forest. david shipman, our correspondent, has been given special access. >> the great canada of the amazon rain forest towers over the let -- the great canopy of the amazon rainforest towers over the landscape. the deeper underground, it rich deposits of iron ore. it is the largest mine of its kind anywhere on the planet. the giant machines torula a
round-the-clock. it is an ugly process in what used to be john doe, but the world wants iron. -- in what used to be a jungle, but the world wants iron. to give you an idea of what is involved, this one massive truck carries about enough iron ore to make a couple hundred cars. the bigger this mine gets, the greater the impact on the natural world. a nasa satellite picture of the rain forests reveals how the ocean of green is scarred by the huge scale of the mind. the company that carved out tose giant chasms now claims be green and says they will fill them in when they are finished. saplings are ready to be planted. the aim? to restore the rain forest. >> it is a very long term drawn.
-- long-term challenge. we do research all the time to be sure we have the right plants and species of plants to bring back nature afterwards. >> but the nine is due to push into new areas. -- the mine is due to push into new areas. there is a lost world beneath the forest. we enter a cave with four different species of bats. the survey is funded by the mining company. and brazil's conservation agency agrees they are trying to be greener. >> the company is trying to operate sustainably, but they have a long way to go. in fact ahman the -- in fact, the iron ore comes first. >> world leaders are gathering in rio de janeiro for a summit on how to balance industry and
nature. it is a constant struggle. >> you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, meet the first black president of the southern baptist convention. we hear from the man who has just made history. >> energy is what we need to keep us going. we harness the energy to help power the future. we bring comfort to millions of homes.
>> ignorant, selfish, and wrong -- those are the harsh words that prince william is leveling against people involved in the illegal trade of rhinoceros horn. tomorrow's conference will highlight what is being called as a -- what is being called a poaching epidemic and the prince is getting involved personally. >> having friends in high places is crucial if you are an endangered species like the black rhino. zuccotti has spent the first
five years of her life in capet duty. but in a rare -- in captivity. but she is being sent to kania to help boost black rhino numbers. >> they are the most heavily poached animals in the world and if we do not do something about a, it will be a tragic loss for everyone. >> demand is being driven by the traditional medicine markets in japan -- in vietnam and china with poaching using increasingly cruel methods and to get the rhino horn. >> be face is being hacked off to feed a market that is being driven by ignorance, it seems to me. it is really upsetting. >> illegal rhino horn is now more expensive than gold. >> when you buy that rhino horn, or when you buy ivory, if you are taking this from a rhino for
a decorative piece on your mantle. >> what would you sit down in the room with someone who does not know about the situation? >> i think they are extremely ignorant and selfish and totally wrong. >> it makes you angry? >> totally. it is a waste. >>, on the day of their departure, her horn is removed for the safety of the flight. she is a dated, -- she is sedated, crated, and just 24 hours later she is with her new team and armed guards to protect her. conservationists say there is a limit to what they can do. >> you need the cooperation of the chinese government, otherwise, it does not mean anything. china has a culture where if it
comes from the top to stop this, it will stop. >> china says it is tackling the problem. if it does lead the way, the black rhino will survive. if it does not, it most likely will not. >> today in new orleans, the southern baptist convention made history. for the first time, america's largest protestant church elected an african-american as its president. they hope to bring down walls for the organization that wants supported slavery. -- that once supported slavery. >> i used to be a street manager all along this street. every saturday. when i became pastor here, i knew nothing about the history of our convention, and that is probably a good thing. it is predominantly a wide convention started in 1845 as a
result of slavery. northern baptists did not want to continue to have slaves. the southern baptists did continue what -- continue to want to have slaves. they convince the people in their community to use that building. that is how it became an african-american church. we had 50 members when i first became pastor. i said, sir, i know, new orleans is known for having jazz funerals, but i'm not known for funerals. [applause] ♪ >> and then we had to start from scratch again. this is where the water from katrina came in. everything is brand new because we have to start from scratch.
just blood everywhere. -- mud everywhere. this person had never had a black preacher in their church before. when i walked in, everything just stopped and people looked and i looked, and they looked at me and i looked at them. when they saw that i was preaching the same gospel that they had been for years and years, it eased the tension. an older couple came and apologize to me for how they were upset about the fact that there pastor had invited a black preacher to preach. we made a resolution that our convention is open to all ethnic groups. i am the first african-american president of the convention.
theologically, i'm very conservative. i am not going to switch on gay rights. anything the bible says is wrong is wrong. i have always been conservative and i always will continue to be so. but i will be more open-minded on reaching this generation. i know that my nomination will break down some walls in this community. particularly ratio walls. >> the rev. fred luter, who became the first african- american to lead the southern baptist convention. and before we go, a reminder of our breaking news story here on bbc world news america. egyptian and state-run news agencies reporting that hosni mubarak has been declared clinically dead upon arrival at military hospital. he was transferred from prison of both -- a prison hospital to military hospital where doctors
tried to resuscitate him after a stroke. he did dollars bond. attempts to save his life continue -- he did not respond. a tense to save his life continue. -- attempts to save his life continue. i am j. o'brien and for all of us at world news america, thank you for watching and we will see you tomorrow. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to